The settlement once belonged to the ancient Roman family Gens Vulnetia, who let their slaves work in the steep mountains. After the liberation of the slaves, they founded the place around the protected harbor basin. Wine growing on the terraced vineyards, which are difficult to cultivate, has been known since Roman times.
For the population, the sea meant both supply and danger. Pirates often raided the villages, robbing them of food and women.
In order to protect themselves and for reasons of space, the residents built their houses very close to and above one another. This is how the alleyways, which are romantic, winding and shady from today’s perspective, were created.
Today there are almost 1000 inhabitants in Vernazza. It’s hard to believe when large crowds move through the small town on public holidays.