The Gulf of la Spezia is also known as the Gulf of the Poets. It includes the places
- La Spezia
- And the island of Palmaria
La Spezia has a beautiful harbour promenade with a park where palm trees, flowering oleanders and rare ornamental plants grow. Above the pretty old town rises on a small hill the Castello San Giorgio (Castle of St. George), which was built as a defensive castle of the Genovese Maritime Republic.
Portovenere, the port of Venus. Once the temple of Venus stood at the extreme rock, where the goddess of love rose from the sea foam. Today, the small chapel of San Pietro adorns the top of the rock.
The archipelago of the Palmarian Islands consists of Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto. Only from the sea are one to discover the caves of the island of Palmaria. The most famous is the Grotta Azzurra, which can be visited by boat.
Portovenere has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the Cinque Terre National Park and the Palmaric Islands.
Lerici already had strategic importance in ancient times and served as a trading port for Greeks, Etruscans, Phoenicians and the Romans. Tranquille squares with villas and narrow streets between the Borghi invite you to linger.